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Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Treatment, Prevention

Diabetes often know as sugar is a disease that is very common in today’s time, it is a metabolic disease that enhances our blood sugar level. High blood sugar gives birth to many unwanted body problems and new diseases and the patients feel lethargic and low all the time. It is becoming a very common problem in the majority of today’s population, but we should not take it lightly or for granted. It is a kind of chronic disease and when a person gets it then his/her pancreas becomes unable to generate enough amount of insulin needed for our body.

Complications of Diabetes
Complications of Diabetes

Insulin is stored in our blood but when a person gets a diabetic problem then movement and making of insulin are affected. Insulin makes blood sugar move from the blood to cells so that our body can generate some sort of energy from it. When someone gets a high level of blood sugar then the hormone insulin does not function smoothly. You must have witnessed sugar patients getting insulin injected daily so that person gets enough insulin. If the disease is not cured properly then it can damage our nervous system, eyes, kidneys, and other important organs. 

Man preparing insulin syringe injection
Man preparing insulin syringe injection

In this post, we are going to give you a detailed analysis of diabetes symptoms, type, treatment, prevention, and much more. We can choose to have a proper diet and lifestyle to be miles away from such diseases. So, without any further delay let’s get straight to our today’s topic. 

Types of diabetes found so far

Diabetes has a different type of forms and structural mechanism which can be separated by its symptom. It affects our body in a particular way and hence it takes a different process of treatment.

Till now, there are four significant types of finding in diabetes types and they are;

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • Gestational diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

In this type of diabetes, cells of the pancreas get damaged heavily which consequently stops the functioning of the pancreas. The pancreas is a reason from where insulin is generated but damaging pancreas cells make it difficult. Nearly 10% of diabetes patients have Type 1 diabetes; however, its causes are still under study.

Type 2 diabetes

Insulin maintains the level of sugar in our blood but Type 2 diabetes resists the insulin to work in a smooth way as usual. Stopping of insulin creation makes sugar accommodated in our blood which results in high blood sugar.


It happens when our blood sugar level is higher than normal but it cannot be treated under circumstances of Type 2 diabetes. If we do not intervene this then it will become Type 2 diabetes in the next few years. Hence, this type should not be taken for granted and we should start taking preventive measures. 

Gestational diabetes

It generally happens to pregnant ladies, this kind of diabetes is caused by certain hormones which block the insulin to submerge into the blood. 

All the above-mentioned types have different natures, symptoms, signs, preventive measures. Therefore diabetes patients must know their types so that they can have proper treatment. 

Symptoms of each type of diabetes

As previously mentioned, diabetes symptoms can be different based on their type and nature. However, there is some general nature that is common in each case of diabetes and high blood sugar. Here, we will be providing you with the exact symptoms of each type of diabetes.

Some common symptoms

These are the general symptoms of high blood sugar which will be common in almost every single patient;

  • Tensed mood
  • Lethargic body condition
  • Fatigue
  • High thirst and hunger 
  • Pain in joints
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Weak and blurry eyesight
Sugar patient is stressed put his hands head about blood sugar test results
Sugar patient is stressed put his hands head about blood sugar test results

Type 1 diabetes symptoms

Type 1 diabetes symptoms have the following body status;

  • Hunger at the extreme level
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Blurry and unclear vision
  • High nerves
  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual weight loss

Gestational diabetes symptoms

This kind of diabetes doesn’t show any specific type of symptoms however it will come under consideration while taking routine checkups during pregnancy. Women get to experience some level of increased urination and thirst which is very difficult to be identified.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

This kind of diabetes has some unique symptoms which can be identified easily, and they are;

  • Heavy increase in: Hunger, Thirst and Weight lose
  • Wounds are healed slowly
  • Low eyesight
  • Pain in body

Symptoms in men and women

Diabetes never discriminates based on sexuality and hence it can happen to everyone. Generally, men find low sex stamina, erectile dysfunction, and weakness problems whereas women will face itchy and dry skin, frequent urination, yeast infection, and further symptoms.

What causes diabetes in our body?

Each type of diabetes has different reasons and causes associated with them, however, some general causes can be prevented by our efforts. We can choose to consume less amount sugar intake, proper diet, regular exercise to avoid the risk of sugar. However, we are providing you with the causes of each type of diabetes and they are;

Causes for Type 1 diabetes

It is still under consideration that what causes Type 1 diabetes but over a while, doctors have got certain reasons for it. A weak immune system and heavy sugar intake are some reasons for this kind of diabetes. Chances are high that it may transfer from parents to children as it is a genetic problem; however, the exact cause is still under research.  

Causes for Type 2 diabetes

This type of diabetes is caused by genes and regular lifestyle, overweight and junk food may also develop high blood sugar in human’s body over some time. Belly fats and unintentional muscles stop the hormone insulin to work smoothly, so one should try to get a good body structure. 

Causes of Gestational diabetes

This happens only to pregnant ladies and that too due to necessary hormonal changes during pregnancy. Placenta creates some special type of hormones which make pregnant women’s cells less sensitive towards insulin. It can be avoided by regular exercise during pregnancy; weight gain during pregnancy is not good for women.

Treatment of diabetes

Diabetes is not something that you will have to carry throughout your life, it can be cured and treated. Treatment of diabetes can happen through normal medication or prevention. Each type of diabetes is treated under different circumstances so here are some general treatment processes for each type of diabetes.

Doctor holding sugar patient hands
Doctor holding sugar patient hands

Type 1 diabetes treatment

Regular injection of insulin can be useful in treating Type 1 diabetes because insulin is the main factor responsible for this diabetes. It maintains the low level of insulin in our body, apart from that regular sugar-free diet and exercise can be very useful. 

Type 2 diabetes treatment

Type 2 diabetes is often cured by just adopting some preventive measures in our life. Regular exercise, walk, prescribed diet can lower the chances of Type 2 diabetes. However, in some cases, it won’t be enough to treat an increased level of blood sugar, so you need medication.

Here are some frequently used drugs for Type 2 diabetes:

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • Biguanides
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • DPP-4 inhibitors
  • Sulfonylureas

Gestational diabetes treatment

Routine check-ups should be there for pregnant women so that they get to know about any such mishaps on time. Pregnant ladies can take insulin injections on the prescription of experts because it is considered safe for a baby child. 

Simple Steps to Preventing Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is not under your control because it is caused by the immune system’s problem. Apart from that, all kinds of diabetes can be prevented to happen by little effort on daily basis. Here are some tips to prevent chances of diabetes;

  • Eat smaller portions
  • Add salads and fruits to your diet
  • Avoid sugar made products, go for jaggery
  • Don’t get fats (especially belly fat)
  • Do regular walk and exercise
  • Get your sugar level checked regularly

Sugar and Diabetes

One should not stop eating sugar-made products after diabetes; it should be eaten regularly before you get sugar. So, you can take the following foods to avoid or maintain sugar;

  • Fruits and Salads
  • Whole grain food items
  • Protein
  • Sugar-free cookies
  • Low carbohydrate product

We hope you find this blog informative and useful, if it is so then don’t forget to share it with your friends and family. 

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